Small Cap Mutual Funds: Understanding Sector Allocation for Diversification

Small cap mutual funds
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Small cap mutual funds can be a suitable investment option for investors with a high risk tolerance who want to enhance their portfolio’s growth potential over time. Such funds invest in companies with small market capitalizations. Such companies are usually in the growth phase, which gives them a higher return potential than established companies. However, this also makes small cap funds prone to volatility.

Diversification, therefore, is an important aspect of small cap investing. This is where sector allocation can come in.

Sector allocation refers to the distribution of investment across various industry sectors. Diversified sector allocation can potentially make your portfolio more resilient to market fluctuations. For example, one sector may lend relative stability to a portfolio when another is experiencing a downturn.

This article takes a closer look at how sector allocation can work in small cap mutual funds.

  • Table of contents
  1. Understanding sector allocation in small cap mutual funds
  2. Importance of sector allocation in diversification
  3. Factors to consider in sector allocation
  4. FAQs

Understanding sector allocation in small cap mutual funds

Small cap mutual funds investing in companies ranked 251 and beyond on the stock exchange. Within this range, fund managers can use sector allocation strategies to diversify across different industries such as technology, healthcare, infrastructure etc. Small cap fund allocation strategy involves analysing market trends, economic indicators, and sector-specific growth prospects.

Additionally, fund managers may look at historical data and the future potential of these sectors. Thorough analysis can help identify sectors that are primed for growth. It could also help balance high-growth sectors with defensive ones that are less affected by market fluctuations. Examples of defensive sectors include healthcare, consumer goods, utilities and other essential services. This can potentially optimise the portfolio for better risk-adjusted returns.

Importance of sector allocation in diversification

Sector allocation in small cap fund diversification can help mitigate impact on the investment from sector-specific downturns while capitalising on growth opportunities. Moreover, investors can also gain exposure to emerging industries and trends.

Retail investors can also diversify across different small cap funds to get wider exposure to sectors. Additionally, they can balance small cap investments with relatively stable avenues such as large cap funds or debt funds.

Factors to consider in sector allocation

Here are some things retail investors can keep in mind while choosing which small cap fund to invest in or when monitoring their fund's portfolio:

  • Market trends: Current and projected trends can show which sectors are likely to grow. This can help investors align their portfolios with potential opportunities.
  • Economic indicators: These include inflation rates, employment data and GDP growth. These parameters can influence sector performance and reflect the country's economic health.
  • Company fundamentals: Information about a company's financial health and growth potential of companies can help identify strong candidates for investment.
  • Regulatory changes: Changes in government policies can have a significant impact on specific sectors.
  • Technological advancements: Sectors that are more adaptive to technological change may offer better growth opportunities.
  • Global economic conditions: Global events and economic conditions can affect different sectors in various ways. Considering the global context is important, especially for sectors that are involved in international trade or are sensitive to global shifts.


Sector allocation in small cap mutual funds is a dynamic and crucial aspect of investment strategy. By selecting sectors that are likely to outperform, investors can seek to optimise their investment's return potential and build a diversified portfolio.


How is small cap funds sector allocation determined?

Sector allocation in small cap mutual funds may be determined by analysing various factors such as market trends, economic indicators and the growth potential of different sectors. Fund managers can use this analysis to decide how funds should be allocated to each sector and aim to optimise returns while mitigating risks.

What are the benefits of diversifying through sector allocation in small cap mutual funds?

Diversified sector allocation in small cap mutual funds helps spread risk across various industries. This can potentially reduce the impact of negative performance in any single sector and mitigate the volatility of the investment.

How often should investors review sector allocation in small cap mutual funds?

Investors should review the sector allocation in their small cap mutual funds at least annually, or more frequently if there are significant market changes or shifts in economic conditions. Regular reviews help ensure that the allocation stays in line with the investor’s financial goals and market opportunities.

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.
This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.