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Investment strategies: Building a robust portfolio with banking and PSU funds

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When it comes to mutual funds, crafting a diversified portfolio is the cornerstone of successful investing. Among the variety of options available, one avenue that demands attention is the domain of debt funds, specifically Banking and PSU (Public Sector Undertakings) funds. These funds stand out as a good choice for risk averse investors seeking the relative stability of their corpus.

Let's discuss the benefits of including Banking and PSU funds into your investment strategy, along with valuable tips for investors.

  • Table of contents
  1. Understanding banking and PSU funds
  2. Banking and PSU funds investment strategies
  3. Pro tips for investing in banking and PSU funds

Understanding banking and PSU funds

Banking and PSU funds primarily invest in debt instruments issued by banks, public sector undertakings (PSU), and public financial institutions (PFI). In other words, Banking and PSU funds are debt funds that predominantly invest in issuances from banks and public sector companies. They are known for their moderate risk profile and potentially steady returns, thanks to the high quality of the underlying debt. However, debt funds can also be adversely impacted if the interest rates rise.

Banking and PSU funds investment strategies

  • Relative stability: Banking and PSU funds primarily invest in securities issued by government-backed entities and reputable banks. As per SEBI guidelines for mutual funds, banking and PSU Funds must invest at least 80% of their assets in debt instruments issued by such institutions. This minimizes the risk associated with market volatility.
  • Return expectations: Due to their conservative investment approach, Banking and PSU funds aim to provide potentially steady and predictable returns over the long term. This can be particularly beneficial for individuals who seek a stable income stream from their investments to meet their financial needs.
  • Liquidity: Banking and PSU funds offer liquidity as they invest in highly rated debt instruments, allowing investors to redeem their units without significant restrictions. This feature provides flexibility, ensuring that funds are accessible when needed.
  • Tax implications: Banking and PSU plans are mandated by SEBI to allocate at least 80% of the total funds towards debt securities. This allocation classifies Banking and PSU funds as debt funds for taxation purposes. Gains from Banking and PSU fund investments made after April 1, 2023, no longer receive indexation benefit and are considered to be short-term capital gains. Therefore, they are added to the investor’s taxable income and taxed at the applicable slab rate. However, gains from investments made before April 1, 2023 - and held for a period of 36 months or more - are taxed at 20% with indexation benefit.

Pro tips for investing in banking and PSU funds

  • Diversification is key: While Banking and PSU funds offer relative stability, it's crucial to diversify your portfolio across various asset classes. Consider allocating a portion of your investments to equities and other debt instruments to achieve a well-rounded and balanced approach.
  • Align with financial goals: Tailor your investment strategy to align with your specific financial objectives. Whether it's saving for retirement, children’s education, or a major purchase, ensure your portfolio is in sync with your long-term goals.
  • Start early: Time is a powerful ally in the world of investments. Begin your investment planning early to leverage the benefits of compounding and ensure a comfortable financial future.
  • Regular review and rebalancing: Periodic assessment of your portfolio's performance is essential. Adjust your asset allocation as needed to align with your changing financial goals and risk tolerance.
  • Consideration of investment horizon: While Banking and PSU funds are suitable for short to medium-term investments, it's important to align your investment horizon with your financial goals. Evaluate whether these funds complement your overall investment strategy.


Building a robust portfolio involves careful consideration of various investment options. Banking and PSU funds offer a relatively stable foundation for such a portfolio. However, it's important to remember that no investment is entirely risk-free, and diversification remains a crucial aspect of any sound investment strategy. Hence, always consult a financial advisor before making any investment decisions. Happy investing!

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.
This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.