Significance Of P/E Ratios for Mutual Fund Investors

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P/E ratio or price to earnings ratio is an important metric for equity investors to assess the valuation of a stock. It is calculated by dividing the market price per share by the earnings per share and shows the price that investors are willing to pay for each rupee of a company’s earnings. This can help investors make buy or sell decisions.

For mutual fund investors too, knowing about P/E ratio and other important market analysis concepts can guide decision-making. These metrics can also give them better insight into their mutual fund portfolios.

In this article, we'll explain what P/E ratio is are and its significance for mutual fund investors.

  • Table of contents
  1. Understanding P/E ratio
  2. P/E ratio in mutual funds
  3. Limitations of P/E ratios
  4. FAQs

Understanding P/E ratio

P/E ratio measures a company's share price relative to its earnings per share. It indicates whether a stock is overvalued, undervalued, or fairly valued. The formula for P/E ratio is as follows:

P/E ratio = Market price/Earnings per share

The market price is the current price at which the stock is being traded in the market. Earnings per share is the portion of a company’s profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. It is calculated by dividing the company's net income by the total number of outstanding shares.

Another way of looking at P/E ratio is that it indicates how much investors are willing to pay for each rupee of a company’s earnings. So, for example, if a company has a P/E ratio of 20, it means investors are willing to invest Rs 20 for every Re 1 of earnings-per-share that the company generates.

A high P/E ratio can indicate that a company is overvalued, or that investors are optimistic about its growth prospects. A low P/E ratio may indicate that a stock is undervalued. Investors may look to buy undervalued stocks to potentially benefit when the stock reaches its fair value.

However, the P/E ratio alone does not indicate a company’s health or growth potential. A high P/E ratio may indicate stretched valuation, but it could also mean that the company has strong fundamentals and is likely to continue growing. An undervalued stock may be a good investment if it goes on to reaches its fair value, but it could also be a sign of a weakening company that will decline further.

Therefore, P/E ratio is just one of several metrics that should be used for making investment decisions.

P/E ratio in mutual funds

Here are some ways that investors can use P/E ratios to analyse their mutual fund portfolios.

  • Assess fund holdings: Investors can compare the P/E ratios of the fund’s holdings to industry averages or benchmarks to evaluate whether the fund is overweighting stocks with high valuations or favouring undervalued opportunities.
  • Compare funds: Investors can compare the P/E ratios of different mutual funds within the same category or sector to evaluate their relative valuation and investment styles. Funds with lower P/E ratios may be more suitable for value-oriented investors seeking bargains, while funds with higher P/E ratios may appeal to growth-oriented investors looking for companies with strong earnings growth potential.
  • Monitor fund performance: Monitoring changes in a mutual fund's P/E ratio over time can provide insights into shifts in the fund's investment strategy, sector allocations, and market sentiment. Significant increases or decreases in the fund's P/E ratio relative to historical levels or benchmarks may warrant further analysis to understand the reasons behind the changes and assess the implications on future performance.

Limitations of P/E ratios

While portfolio review with P/E ratio can be useful, there are some limitations to this metric:

  • Industry and sector considerations: P/E ratios may vary significantly across industries and sectors. For example, technology companies may have higher P/E ratios than utilities companies. Thus, comparing P/E ratios across industries may not be meaningful.
  • Earnings growth: P/E ratios are based on a company's current earnings. However, earnings can fluctuate over time. Hence, it's important to consider the earnings growth potential – which refers to the ability of a company to increase its profits over time – when evaluating its P/E ratio.
  • Market conditions: P/E ratios can also be impacted by broader market conditions. For example, during a market downturn, P/E ratios may be lower than usual, while during a market upturn, P/E ratios may be higher.
  • Fund manager’s insights: The fund manager is a financial expert whose investment decisions are likely to be based on their experience, knowledge, and insight into the market. Their stock selection will also be based on metrics beyond P/E ratio.


Understanding P/E ratios can help investors get better insight into their mutual fund portfolios and investment strategies. However, P/E ratios do not give a complete picture of a company’s current and future performance. It’s important to consider industry and sector differences, earnings growth potential, and broader market conditions when evaluating P/E ratios. Investors should consult with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.


How do I determine the optimal P/E ratio for my portfolio?
The P/E ratio by itself is not an indicator of whether a stock a good investment or not. A high P/E ratio can indicate overvaluation, but it can also be indicative of a company with strong growth prospects. A low P/E ratio can be an investment opportunity if an undervalued company is likely to reach its fair value, but it can also be a sign of a company on the decline.

Investors should consider multiple factors, including growth prospects, risk tolerance, industry comparisons, historical averages, market conditions, and investment objectives, to determine whether a company's P/E ratio is attractive relative to its intrinsic value and future earnings potential.

Are there any tools or resources available to help me track P/E ratios for my investments?
Yes, there are several resources available to help investors track P/E ratios for their investments. Some popular options include financial news websites and reputed investment research platforms. It is recommended to do your own research and consult with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.
This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.