Things to consider before investing in a small cap fund

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India’s financial market offers various investment opportunities, each holding the potential for growth and profit. The many options investors can choose from differ in their associated risks and rewards. For example, the exciting yet challenging domain of small cap funds comes with a long term growth potential but attracts equally significant risks. Thus, before deciding to invest, it's crucial to equip yourself with the knowledge needed to navigate small cap funds.

This article will serve as a roadmap, exploring the intricacies of small cap funds and empowering you to make informed decisions on your investment journey. Let’s check out the things to know before investing in small cap funds.

  • Table of contents
  1. What are small cap funds?
  2. Pros and cons of small cap funds
  3. Things to consider before investing in a small cap fund
  4. FAQ

What are small cap funds?

Small cap funds focus their attention on these smaller businesses classified as ‘small cap’ basis their market capitalisation. To further explain, SEBI categorises companies ranked 251 and beyond by full market capitalisation as small cap. These companies bear the potential for potentially significant growth.

Pros and cons of small cap funds

Like any investment avenue, small cap funds come with a unique set of advantages and disadvantages. These are extremely crucial when it comes to what to know before investing in small cap funds -

Some of the pros of small cap funds are –

High growth potential: Unlike their larger, established counterparts, small cap companies possess the agility and potential for rapid growth. This means investing in small cap funds offers the exciting chance to reap potentially better returns when a fledgling start-up blossoms into a successful enterprise.

Diversification: When you incorporate small cap funds into your portfolio, you're effectively expanding your reach beyond the familiar territory of large corporations. This diversifies your holdings, mitigating risk and creating a more resilient investment strategy.

Exposure to emerging industries: Often, small cap companies operate in innovative, cutting-edge sectors. By investing in small cap funds, you gain exposure to these potentially lucrative new industries, allowing you to capitalise on future trends.

On the other hand, some of the cons of the same are -

High volatility: Small cap funds are more likely to impacted by market fluctuations, both upwards and downwards. Before investing, prepare for a rollercoaster ride, filled with thrilling highs and potentially unnerving dips.

Long-term horizon: Investing in small cap funds is a marathon, not a sprint. These funds require a long-term vision, typically five years or more, to truly reap the potential rewards. Patience and long-term approach are essential companions on this journey.

Higher risk: It's no secret that with the potential for better returns comes the possibility of significant losses. Due to their smaller size and less established track records, small cap companies are more vulnerable to market downturns and economic uncertainties. This translates to small cap funds carrying a much higher degree of risk than their large cap and mid cap counterparts.

Things to consider before investing in a small cap fund

Now that you understand the landscape, it's time to equip yourself with the things to know before investing in small cap fund -

Risk tolerance:Before venturing into the world of small cap funds, be honest with yourself about your risk tolerance. Can you weather potential market storms and handle price fluctuations? If not, consider exploring other investment options that better align with your financial comfort zone.

Investment horizon: Are you in it for the long haul? Remember, small cap funds require a long horizon to truly unlock their potential. Ensure your investment goals and timeline align with this long-term approach.

Fund management: Choose your guide wisely. Research the fund manager's track record and ability to navigate market complexities. Remember, a skilled manager can significantly impact your investment success.

Portfolio diversification: Don't put all your eggs in one basket. Integrate small cap funds strategically into your existing portfolio, ensuring a balanced spread across different asset classes and market capitalisations. This mitigates risk and creates a more robust financial foundation.

Fees and expenses: Be mindful of the expenses associated with small cap funds, such as management fees and operating costs. These can eat into your returns, so choose funds with reasonable fees that don't outweigh the potential gains.


Investing in small cap funds can be a powerful tool for wealth creation, offering the potential for significant long-term returns and exposure to emerging companies. However, it's not without its challenges. By understanding the inherent risks, setting realistic expectations, and carefully choosing the right fund, you can navigate the exciting, yet volatile, world of small cap investing with confidence and potentially reap the rewards of long-term growth.


Who should invest in small cap funds?
Investors with a long time horizon and substantial risk appetite can consider allocating a part of their portfolio in small cap funds.

Are small cap funds risky?
Since these funds invest in emerging companies of relatively smaller market capitalisation, they are susceptible to significant market risk.

What are the benefits of small cap funds?
Investing in these funds can give exposure to rapidly growing sectors and lead to potentially substantial profits over the long term, albeit with a higher associated risk.

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.
This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.