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How can long term capital gain on mutual funds contribute to financial success?

long term capital gain on mutual funds
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Achieving financial success involves a long and disciplined journey. Long-term investments play a crucial role in this pursuit. One avenue that many investors explore to create wealth over time is mutual funds.

In this article, we will discuss the concept of long-term capital gain (LTCG) on mutual funds and understand the principles of long-term investing. We will also shed light on the power of compounding and how to invest for tax saving in mutual fund.

  • Table of contents
  1. What is long-term investing in mutual funds?
  2. Compounding in long-term investing
  3. Taxation – LTCG vs STCG
  4. Tips for investing long term
  5. FAQ

What is long-term investing in mutual funds?

Long-term investing in mutual funds involves holding onto your investment for an extended period, typically more than a year. Unlike short-term investments that focus on quick gains, long-term investing is about patiently allowing your money to compound over time. In the context of mutual funds, this means staying invested in the fund for an extended duration, often through market ups and downs.

Compounding in long-term investing

One of the key factors contributing to the success of long-term investing is the power of compounding. Compounding refers to the process where your investment earns returns not just on the initial amount you invested but also on the returns that have accumulated over time.

Let's break it down with a simple example. Suppose you invest Rs. 10,000 in a mutual fund, and it earns a 10% annual return. At the end of the first year, your investment grows to Rs. 11,000. In the second year, you earn 10% not just on your initial Rs. 10,000 but on the Rs. 11,000, resulting in a total of Rs. 12,100. Over the years, compounding continues to work, significantly boosting your investment.

The longer you stay invested, the more impactful compounding becomes.

Taxation – LTCG vs STCG

Another reason to stay invested for the long haul is the tax benefit. For example, LTCG above Rs. 1 lakh from equity fund investments (held for over 12 months) are taxed favourably at a rate of 10%. On the other hand, short-term capital gains (STCG) from equity fund investments (held for less than 12 months) are taxed at a flat rate of 15%. Tax-efficient investing in mutual funds can go a long way in helping investors meet their long-term financial goals. Thus, holding your equity fund investment for more than a year is recommended.

Tips for investing long term

  • Choose a suitable mutual fund: Opt for mutual funds that align with your long-term financial goals. Consider factors such as the fund's historical performance, the fund manager's expertise, and the fund's investment strategy.
  • Diversify your portfolio: Spread your investments across different types of mutual funds to mitigate risk. Diversification helps ensure that the poor performance of one fund doesn't significantly impact your overall portfolio.
  • Regularly review your portfolio: While long-term investing is about patience, it's crucial to periodically review your portfolio. Ensure your investments are in line with your financial goals and make adjustments if needed.
  • Avoid frequent trading: Long-term investing is not about frequent buying and selling. Resist the urge to react to short-term market fluctuations. Stay focused on your long-term goals.
  • Reinvest dividends: If your mutual fund pays dividends, consider reinvesting them. Reinvesting dividends allows you to benefit from compounding, potentially boosting your returns over time.


Long-term capital gains on mutual funds offer a pathway to financial success through the power of compounding. Understanding the principles of long-term investing, reaping the benefits of compounding, and following essential tips can contribute significantly to the financial well-being of investors. It's not just about making money; it's about letting your money work for you over a long period of time.


What is long-term capital gain?
A. Long-term capital gain (LTCG) refers to the profit earned on the sale of an asset that has been held for more than one year. In the context of equity mutual funds, it's the gain realized when you sell your mutual fund units after holding them for at least one year.

How are long-term capital gains taxed?
A. LTCG on mutual funds arises when you sell your equity shares after holding them for over a year. If your long-term capital gains exceed Rs. 1 lakh, you are liable to pay taxes on them. The tax rate for LTCG on equity mutual funds is 10%.

Why is long-term investing important for financial success?
A. Long-term investing is crucial for financial success because it allows your investments to benefit from compounding. Over time, compounding can significantly increase the value of your investment. Additionally, long-term investing provides the opportunity to ride out market fluctuations and benefit from the overall growth of the market.

How can patience contribute to long-term investing success?
Patience is essential for long-term investing because it allows you to stay committed to your investment strategy despite temporary market fluctuations. By avoiding impulsive decisions and staying invested through market ups and downs, you give your investments the time they need to grow and benefit from the power of compounding.

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.
This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.