How to choose a suitable PSU fund for your financial goals?

how to choose psu fund
Share :

Selecting investments suited to one's financial goals and risk tolerance is key to good financial planning. Among the many options, Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) mutual funds seem to be preferred by investors who seek stability. This article provides guidance on how to choose a suitable PSU fund by evaluating the risk-return aspect, portfolio strategies and investment objectives of various PSU schemes.

To simplify what PSU funds do – these plans invest capital in equities and bonds of government-owned enterprises across diverse sectors. PSU funds are professionally managed by financial experts to optimize the return potential on the invested money.

Understanding how to select the appropriate PSU fund can help investors in making informed decisions regarding asset allocation and potentially meet their financial goals.

  • Table of contents
  1. What are PSU funds? An overview
  2. PSU funds portfolio
  3. Five reasons to invest in PSU funds
  4. How to choose PSU fund?
  5. Reviewing your investment
  6. FAQ

What are PSU funds? An overview

PSU mutual funds represent a unique investment avenue that channels capital into equities and bonds of state-controlled enterprises in India. As the name indicates, PSU funds primarily invest in securities issued by the majority of government-owned companies. Investments are made across diverse sectors such as banking, oil & gas, power, mining, and telecommunications.

PSU funds portfolio

The underlying firms in PSU fund portfolios are relatively stable due to their government shareholding. This ensures relatively lower volatility compared to private sector companies. PSU funds are actively managed by professional fund managers who aim to optimize the return potential by trading securities based on financial analysis and economic outlook.

Five reasons to invest in PSU funds


Government backing for state-owned firms provides stability and relatively lower volatility compared to private sector funds.


PSU funds provide exposure to public sector firms across various industries, thus diversifying from private companies.

Inflation hedge

PSU companies in regulated sectors like power and oil & gas can potentially serve as a hedge against inflationary pressures.

Lower risks

Perceived sovereign backing means credit risks are relatively lower as compared to purely corporate fixed income funds.

Wealth creation

Professional fund management aims for capital appreciation through actively trading PSU stocks.

How to choose PSU fund?

Selecting a suitable PSU fund requires evaluating key factors like the fund's objectives, underlying holdings, past performance, and portfolio attributes.

Review the fund: Firstly, review the fund's investment mandate - whether it focuses on equities or bonds of public sector enterprises. Debt funds derive income from PSU bonds across tenors, while equity funds look for capital appreciation from PSU stocks. Choose the type that aligns with your goals.

Avoid concentration: Secondly, examine the portfolio. Check the allocation to various PSU companies and sectors like banking, oil & gas, power etc. Opt for higher diversification across high quality PSU names. Avoid funds concentrating only on a few stocks.

Assess the rating: Analyze the credit quality and duration of underlying bonds in the case of debt funds. Funds with higher exposure to AAA or equivalent rated PSU bonds (with a moderate duration of 3-5 years) offer relative stability. Choose funds avoiding lower rated, long maturity bonds.

Management team: Opt for funds with experienced management teams and robust risk management practices. Checking portfolio turnover can give an indication of the fund's trading activity. Compare expense ratios and exit loads before investing. Lower costs can potentially allow for higher compounding over long tenures.

Horizon: Align your investment duration with the fund's ideal horizon. Moderate PSU exposure balances well in a diversified portfolio.

Additional tips:

  • Limit overexposure to any one scheme
  • Review holdings periodically for changes in strategy or quality
  • With prudent fund selection, PSU funds can provide stability and diversification

Reviewing your investment

Pay attention to factors like portfolio composition, credit quality, returns relative to peers and management stability. Discuss ongoing performance with your advisor for guidance on how to select PSU fund options that align with your risk appetite and objectives. Periodic rebalancing of your PSU fund holdings allows you to optimize their role in providing diversification and stability within your overall portfolio. Staying updated equips you to make sound decisions that can leverage the potential of PSU funds over the long run.


By blending the reliability of government ownership with the dynamism of active fund management, PSU funds seek to offer investors the potential benefits of relative stability, capital appreciation, and diversification. They provide exposure to mature public sector corporations with established revenue streams across regulated and essential industries. However, you should always consult a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.


What are PSU funds, and how do they differ from other mutual funds?
PSU (Public Sector Undertaking) funds primarily invest in stocks of public sector companies. They differ from other mutual funds in their specific focus on these government-owned enterprises. PSU funds often aim for relative stability, making them suitable for conservative investors seeking government-backed investments.

What factors should I consider when selecting a PSU fund that aligns with my financial goals?
When choosing a PSU fund, consider your investment objectives, risk tolerance, and evaluate the fund manager's expertise. Additionally, analyze the portfolio to ensure it aligns with your financial goals.

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.

This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.