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Investing Vs. Clearing Debt: How Can You Utilise Your Annual Bonus?

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When you receive an annual bonus, you are presented with a unique opportunity to improve your financial health. The question that most people ask is: should I use this bonus for investing, or would it be better to first focus on clearing my debt?

This decision can significantly impact your financial future. Understanding the balance between investing and clearing debt is crucial to making an informed choice that aligns with your financial goals.

Let’s take a closer look at how to make a decision between investing vs. clearing debt.

  • Table of contents
  1. Assess your financial situation
  2. Investing vs. clearing debt
  3. Risks of incurring high-interest debt
  4. Steps to prioritise clearing high-interest debt

Assess your financial situation

Before deciding between investing in mutual funds and clearing debt, it is essential to assess your financial situation. This involves understanding the nature of your debt, the interest rates that you are paying, and your investment goals.

High-interest debt, like credit card debt, can grow very quickly, making it a priority to clear it. On the other hand, if you have a loan with lower interest rates, you might have more flexibility.

The first step, therefore, is to evaluate your financial goals, such as saving for a home or building an emergency fund, to determine how your annual bonus can best be used to potentially achieve these objectives.

Investing vs. clearing debt

The choice between investing and clearing debt is not always straightforward.

If your debt carries a high interest rate, clearing it should be your priority, as the cost of debt likely outweighs the potential returns from investments.

If you have low-interest debt, investing your bonus in mutual funds might offer better long-term growth potential. You can even consider investing the bonus in a more liquid and relatively stable investment option like a debt fund.

The decision should align with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Risks of incurring high-interest debt

High-interest debt, particularly from credit cards or personal loans, can be a major financial burden. The longer this type of debt remains unpaid, the greater the amount of interest that piles up, making it harder to pay off over time. Prioritising the clearing of high-interest debt by using your annual bonus can save you from the cycle of debt and interest payments.

Steps to prioritise clearing high-interest debt

  • List all your debts: Start by listing all your debts, noting the interest rates for each.
  • Target high-interest debts: Focus on clearing debts with the highest interest rates first, which is often credit card and personal loan debt.
  • Consider debt funds: If you have debts with a relatively low interest rate, compare the cost of maintaining these debts against potential investment.
  • Use your bonus wisely: Allocate your annual bonus to pay off high-interest debts to reduce the total interest paid over time. If you don’t have any high-interest debts, use your bonus to invest in a fund that strikes a balance between risk and reward.


Deciding between investing your annual bonus in mutual funds or using it to clear debt depends on your unique financial situation and goals. Prioritising high-interest debt clearance is crucial for financial stability, but once those are managed, investing can play an important role in achieving long-term financial growth. The key is to make an informed decision that aligns with your financial objectives and risk tolerance. Striking a balance between investing and clearing debt is essential for maximising the potential of your annual bonus.


Should I prioritise investing or clearing debt with my annual bonus?
Focus on clearing high-interest debt first. If you have low-interest debts with favourable terms, like student loans or home loans, consider investing to achieve better long-term growth.

What are the steps to prioritise clearing a high interest debt?
Start by listing all your debts, including credit card bills, personal loan, student loan, etc., alongside their respective interest rates. Make sure to prioritise clearing the debts with the highest interest rate and the least favourable terms.

How do I decide between investing and debt clearing?
Assess your financial situation, the nature of your debts, and your financial goals. Prioritise clearing high-interest debts, but if those are managed, investing can help in building a solid financial future.

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.
This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.