Understand the types of risk profile

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While, from a purely financial perspective, risk is defined as market volatility, many investors perceive it as the potential to lose their hard-earned money or face unexpected financial fluctuations.

With risk playing a pivotal role in shaping investment decisions, it becomes extremely important to grasp the concept of a risk profile. Understanding this concept can enable you to effectively manage and navigate market uncertainties.

In this guide, we will discuss risk profiles in detail, focusing on what they mean, how they are assessed, and the various types available to cater to diverse investor preferences.

Let's explore the various features and benefits of investing in this Bajaj Finserv Mutual Fund.

  • Table of contents
  1. What is a risk profile?
  2. Factors affecting risk profile
  3. Types of risk profiles

What is a risk profile?

Risk profile is an evaluation of an investor’s willingness and ability to take risks in the pursuit of potentially higher returns. It serves as a quantification of an individual's tolerance for financial risk, taking into account various factors such as disposable income, age, and more.

Risk profiling plays a pivotal role in shaping a well-rounded investment strategy. Assessing one’s risk profile can help investors in creating an investment portfolio that aligns precisely with their risk appetite.

For instance, consider an individual who prioritises the preservation of their portfolio's value over aiming for higher returns. This represents a risk-averse profile. On the contrary, an individual willing to weather market fluctuations in pursuit of potentially higher returns represents a classic example of a risk-seeking profile.

Thus, understanding your risk profile is among the first steps you must undertake before deciding where to invest your money.

Factors affecting risk profile

When evaluating your risk profile, several factors come into play to determine your comfort level with taking financial risks.

A significant factor is the balance between assets and liabilities, which serves as the main indicator of your willingness to embrace risk. Investors often assess their financial standing by considering the equilibrium between their assets and liabilities. Financial advisors also utilise the asset-liability balance in risk profiling.

  • Risk seekers – For instance, an individual with a surplus of assets compared to minimal liabilities is likely to be a risk-seeker. This category of investors is characterised by substantial assets, such as retirement capital and emergency funds, combined with a lack of loans. They can weather short-term market volatilities without significant financial setbacks and can focus on a higher return potential, even if it comes at a potentially higher cost.
  • Risk averse – Conversely, individuals with limited assets but significant liabilities tend to be risk-averse. Their budget has limited flexibility to absorb losses from short-term market fluctuations, making them more inclined to seek a safe haven for their investments.

It's important to note that a favourable asset-liability balance doesn't always drive an individual to adopt a risky investment approach. An investor’s unique psychological risk tolerance also plays a significant part in investment decisions.

Apart from the asset-liability balance, several other factors also influence a person's risk profile, including age, lifestyle, and financial goals.

Types of risk profiles

Having understood the importance of risk, the next question is - what are the types of risk profiles that investors commonly fall into:

  • Conservative: Investors with a conservative risk profile prioritise the minimum impact on capital over high return potential. They are risk-averse and typically opt for low-risk investments like fixed-income funds. While these investments offer relatively lower returns, they provide a sense of relative stability.
  • Moderate: Those with a moderate risk profile seek a balance between limited impact on capital and moderate growth. They are open to a degree of risk and often diversify their portfolios with a mix of assets, including both equity and fixed-income investments.
  • Aggressive: Investors with an aggressive risk profile are comfortable with a high level of risk. They seek potentially higher returns and are willing to endure market volatility. They predominantly invest in equities, which have the potential for significant long-term growth.
  • Balanced: A balanced risk profile combines elements of both conservatism and aggressiveness. These investors seek to balance limited impact on capital with growth opportunities. They often diversify their investments across various asset classes to manage risk effectively.
  • Custom: Some investors may not fit neatly into any of the predefined categories. In such cases, a custom risk profile is created, tailor-made to align with their specific financial objectives and risk tolerance.

It's important to note that your risk profile can change over time due to evolving financial circumstances and life goals.


When it comes to wealth generation through mutual funds, assessing your risk profile is the cornerstone of building a successful investment strategy. By recognising the types of risk profiles and where you fit in, you can make investment decisions that are better aligned with your financial objectives. Remember, the world of investing is not one-size-fits-all, and seeking advice from financial advisors or distributors is encouraged to ensure your investment choices are well-informed and suitable for your unique circumstances.

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.
This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.