All you need to know about sectoral funds

equity sectoral thematic meaning
Share :

Sectoral funds are types of mutual funds that invest in specific sectors of the economy, such as technology, healthcare, banking etc. Understanding the meaning of equity sectoral funds is crucial for investors looking to diversify their portfolio. 

Let’s take a closer look at all you need to know about sectoral funds.

  • Table of contents
  1. Features of sectoral funds
  2. Types of sectoral funds
  3. What to consider before investing in sectoral funds?
  4. Who should invest in sectoral funds
  5. FAQs

Features of sectoral funds

Investment strategy: Sectoral funds focus on companies of a particular sector that are expected to outperform the broader market. Investment managers carefully select companies within a specific sector, aiming to optimise the return potential. This approach requires in-depth knowledge of the sector’s trends and challenges.

Risk and return: The risk and return profile of sectoral funds can be higher than that of diversified mutual funds. Because these funds invest in a specific sector, they are more sensitive to fluctuations within that sector and hence associated with some concentration risk. However, with higher risk comes the potential for higher returns, especially if the chosen sector performs well.

Types of sectoral funds

There are several types of sectoral funds, each focusing on a different part of the economy. Some examples include:

  • Technology funds: Invest in information technology companies, including software, hardware, and internet services. This sector is known for its high growth potential, driven by innovation and the increasing reliance on technology in all aspects of life.
  • Healthcare funds: Focus on pharmaceuticals, hospitals, and healthcare services. The healthcare sector can offer a relatively stable return potential due to the constant demand for medical services and products.
  • Financial services funds: Target banks, insurance companies, and financial institutions. This sector can benefit from overall economic growth and increased financial transactions.
  • Consumer goods funds: Invest in companies that produce goods used by consumers, such as food, beverages, and personal products. These funds can be resilient during economic downturns as they invest in companies providing essential goods.

What to consider before investing in sectoral funds?

Before investing in sectoral funds, investors must evaluate several key factors to ensure that their investment decision align with their financial goals and risk tolerance.

  • Understanding the sector: Investors should have a clear understanding of the sector they plan to invest in. This includes knowledge of the sector's growth drivers, potential risks, and the impact of economic cycles on its performance. A sector that seems promising today may face challenges tomorrow, so staying informed is key.
  • Investment horizon: Sectoral funds often require a longer investment horizon due to their inherently volatile nature. Investors should be prepared to hold their investments through periods of fluctuation to realise potential gains. Short-term investors might find the volatility of sectoral funds challenging to manage.
  • Risk assessment: Given the concentrated nature of sectoral funds, they are relatively riskier than diversified mutual funds. It’s important for investors to assess their risk tolerance and consider how comfortable they are with potential downturns in a specific sector.
  • Portfolio balance: Investors should consider how a sectoral fund fits into their overall portfolio. While sectoral funds can offer a high return potential, they should complement a diversified investment strategy to mitigate risk. Balancing sectoral funds with investments in other asset classes can potentially mitigate the effect of against sector-specific downturns.
  • Fund management: The expertise of the fund management team is crucial in sectoral investing. A skilled portfolio manager can make informed investment decisions with regard to the sector and adapt to changing market conditions.
  • Expense ratio: These funds may have higher expense ratios due to the specialised research and active management required. It’s important for investors to consider these costs when choosing to invest in sectoral funds.

Who should invest in sectoral funds?

Sectoral funds can be suitable for investors who:

  • Have a high risk tolerance
  • Have a clear understanding of the sector that they are investing in
  • Are looking to complement a diversified portfolio with targeted investments in high-growth sectors


Sectoral funds offer a unique investment opportunity, allowing investors to capitalise on the growth of specific sectors. Understanding the equity sectoral thematic meaning is key to making informed decisions about these types of investments. While they carry higher risk due to their lack of diversification across sectors, they also offer the potential for higher returns. Investors should carefully consider their risk tolerance, investment goals, and costs before diving into sectoral funds. With the right approach, sectoral funds can be a suitable addition to a well-rounded investment portfolio.


What are sectoral funds?
Sectoral funds are mutual funds that invest in specific sectors of the economy, aiming for a higher return potential by capitalising on sector growth.

Who should consider investing in sectoral funds?
They are ideal for investors with high risk tolerance and interest in specific sectors, offering a way to diversify portfolios through targeted investments.

What should I consider before investing in a sectoral fund?
Important considerations include understanding the sector, assessing risk tolerance, evaluating the fund's management, and ensuring the investment complements your overall portfolio.

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.
This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.