What is portfolio turnover ratio? How can it help while investing in mutual funds?

portfolio turnover ratio meaning
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Investing in mutual funds can be a rewarding way to potentially grow your wealth over time. However, the world of mutual funds is filled with terminology and metrics that may seem overwhelming to the novices. One such metric that often perplexes investors is the portfolio turnover ratio. Whether you are a novice investor or someone with experience, understanding the portfolio turnover ratio can be a valuable tool in your financial portfolio.

So, what is portfolio turnover ratio in mutual fund and how does it impact one’s investment strategy?

  • Table of contents
  1. What is portfolio turnover ratio?
  2. Significance of portfolio turnover ratio
  3. Making informed investment decisions
  4. FAQ

What is portfolio turnover ratio?

Before we explore its significance, let's begin by demystifying the portfolio turnover ratio itself. The portfolio turnover ratio in a mutual fund is a numerical expression of the frequency with which the fund manager buys and sells securities within the fund's portfolio. This ratio is typically expressed as a percentage and represents the proportion of the fund's assets that are traded within a specific time frame, usually a year. In essence, it quantifies how actively or passively the fund manager is managing the fund's investments.

Significance of portfolio turnover ratio

Now that we've understood the meaning of the portfolio turnover ratio, let's discuss why it matters to investors in mutual funds.

Risk vs. reward: A high portfolio turnover ratio indicates that the fund manager is actively buying and selling securities within the fund. This active management may potentially lead to a relatively better return potential. However, it also comes with a caveat – relatively higher transaction costs. Frequent trading within the fund incurs brokerage charges. As an investor, understanding this trade-off is crucial to align your investments with your risk tolerance and financial goals.

Costs matter: High turnover ratios often result in higher transaction related cost. The increased trading activity within the fund incurs costs, which are passed on to investors. Consequently, as a prudent investor, it's essential to consider not only the potential returns but also the costs associated with a mutual fund. Over time, high expenses may eat into your returns, significantly eroding the wealth you've diligently built.

Making informed investment decisions

Now that you grasp the meaning and significance of the portfolio turnover ratio, how can you leverage this knowledge to make informed investment decisions?

Align with your goals: Begin by defining your financial goals and assessing your risk tolerance. Understanding your objectives is paramount in selecting a suitable mutual fund scheme. If you aim for long-term wealth generation and are comfortable with a lower degree of active management, funds with lower turnover ratios may be more suitable.

Review historical data: Check out the fund's historical turnover ratios. Consistency is key. A fund that maintains a certain level of turnover over time indicates a particular investment strategy. Funds with consistently high turnover may signal a more aggressive approach, while those with consistently low turnover suggest a passive strategy. Choose funds that align with your investment philosophy.

In conclusion, the portfolio turnover ratio in mutual funds is a valuable metric that warrants careful consideration when making investment decisions. It offers insights into a fund's management style, and potential risks. While it's a crucial tool in your investment toolkit, remember that it's not the sole determinant of a fund's performance. However, understanding the portfolio turnover ratio can empower you to make informed choices, ultimately steering your financial future in the right direction. As you embark on your mutual fund investment journey, remember to consult a financial advisor or distributor. These experts can help you tailor your investments to your specific financial needs and objectives.


What is the portfolio turnover ratio?
The portfolio turnover ratio is a financial metric that measures the frequency with which assets within a mutual fund or portfolio are bought and sold within a specific time frame, typically a year.

Why is the portfolio turnover ratio important for investors?
The portfolio turnover ratio can provide insights into a fund manager’s strategy. Investors must always compare their investment objective and risk appetite to see if the fund is worth the investment and not solely rely on the portfolio turnover.

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.
This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.