What to do when mutual fund NAV goes below buy price?

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Mutual funds are a popular investment choice for many individuals looking to grow their wealth over time. They offer diversification, professional management, and the potential for returns. However, like all investments, mutual funds come with their own set of challenges and uncertainties. One common concern for investors is when a mutual fund's Net Asset Value (NAV) falls below the price at which they initially bought the fund units.

In this article, we will explore what Mutual Fund NAV is, why it may fall below your buy price, and what steps you should consider taking when faced with this situation.

  • Table of contents
  1. Understanding mutual fund NAV
  2. What to do when mutual funds NAV goes below buy price?
  3. FAQ

Understanding mutual fund NAV

The Net Asset Value (NAV) of a mutual fund is the per-unit market value of all the securities held in the fund's portfolio. In simple terms, it is the price at which investors buy and sell mutual fund units. NAV is calculated at the end of each trading day and is determined by dividing the total value of the fund's assets minus its liabilities (expenses and fees) by the number of outstanding units. This calculation ensures that investors buy or sell units at a fair market price that accurately reflects the value of the underlying assets

The mutual fund NAV is dynamic and can fluctuate daily based on several factors, including changes in the market value of the fund's holdings, interest rates, and economic conditions. It's important to note that NAV is not a measure of the fund's performance; it merely indicates the current worth of one fund unit.

What to do when mutual funds NAV goes below buy price?

Seeing the NAV of your mutual fund dip below your initial purchase price can be disheartening. But it's important to remember that market fluctuations are a natural part of investing. Here are several steps to consider when faced with this situation:

Be patient: Sometimes, the most crucial choice you can make in financial markets is to simply stay put. When your Net Asset Value (NAV) experiences a decline – primarily because of short-term corrections or minor selling pressure, it's essential not to take any hasty actions. Avoid the temptation to devise unnecessary strategies. Keep in mind that market volatility is a constant factor that you should always account for.

Analyze the fund's performance: Look beyond the NAV and assess the overall performance of the mutual fund. Check if the fund has consistently underperformed compared to its benchmark or peers over an extended period. A temporary dip in NAV may not be a cause for concern if the fund has a history of bouncing back.

Review your investment goals: Consider your investment goals and time horizon. If your investment is for a long-term financial goal like retirement, you can consider waiting for the NAV to recover. Short-term investors with immediate financial needs may need to take different actions.

Diversify your portfolio:Mutual fund investments should be part of a diversified portfolio. A well-diversified portfolio spreads risk across various asset classes, reducing the impact of poor performance in one investment. Ensure that your overall portfolio aligns with your risk tolerance and financial goals.

Consult a financial advisor: Seeking guidance from a financial advisor can be invaluable during challenging times in the market. An advisor can help you understand the reasons behind the NAV decline and provide recommendations tailored to your financial situation.

Opt for SIP: If you have a systematic investment plan (SIP) in place, where you invest a fixed amount regularly, it can work to your advantage during market downturns. SIPs allow you to buy more units when prices are low and fewer units when prices are high, potentially reducing the average cost of your investments over time.

Monitor and review: Periodically review and rebalance your investment portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals. If a mutual fund's NAV has consistently underperformed and no longer fits your strategy, you may consider reallocating your funds to other investments.

Seek opportunities: During sharp market corrections, it becomes crucial to make pivotal decisions. Identify the sectors experiencing steep declines due to excessive speculation. For instance, in 2000, it was the technology and telecom sectors, while in 2008, it was real estate and infrastructure. These sectors not only contributed to the speculative bubble but also intensified the market correction. If your portfolio is heavily invested in such sectors, it's time to consider a strategic shift. You should sell during periods of weakness and reallocate your investments into mutual fund themes and sectors exhibiting resilience and strength.


Investing in mutual funds can be a potentially rewarding way to build wealth over time, but it's important to remember that it's not without its share of ups and downs. When the NAV of a mutual fund falls below your buy price, it's essential to maintain a long-term perspective and avoid making hasty decisions driven by fear or panic.


My mutual fund's NAV has fallen below my buy price. What should I do?
It's common for NAV to fluctuate. Stay calm and assess your investment's fundamentals, such as the fund's performance, goals, and your investment horizon. Don't rush to sell, as markets can recover. Consider consulting a financial advisor for guidance.

Can I average my purchase cost when NAV falls below my buy price?
Yes, you can. If you have a long-term perspective and believe in the fund's potential, consider investing more when NAV is lower. This strategy, called averaging down, can help reduce your overall purchase cost.

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.

This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.