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Registrar and Transfer Agents (RTA) role in mutual funds

RTA role in Mutual funds
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Imagine you've decided to invest your hard-earned money in a mutual fund. You've researched different fund options, identified your financial goals, and finally made your investment choice. But have you ever wondered what happens behind the scenes to ensure smooth processing of your investment? How do you track your transactions and who maintains your unit holdings?

This is where the unsung heroes of the mutual fund industry, the Registrars and Transfer Agents (RTAs), step in.

This article explains the role of RTAs in mutual funds.

  • Table of contents
  1. What is registrar and transfer agents (RTA) in mutual funds?
  2. Role of a registrar and transfer agent (RTA) in mutual funds
  3. Services offered by registrar and transfer agents (RTA)
  4. Difference between registrar and transfer agent(RTA)
  5. Conclusion

What is Registrar and Transfer Agents (RTA) in mutual funds?

Registrar and Transfer Agents (RTAs) are specialised entities entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining accurate and up-to-date records of mutual fund investors and their investments. They act as intermediaries between investors, asset management companies (AMCs), and regulatory authorities, playing a pivotal role in streamlining the various processes that are integral to mutual fund investments.

Read Also: Structure of Mutual Funds in India

Role of a registrar and transfer agent (RTA) in mutual funds

Registrars and Transfer Agents (RTAs) play crucial roles in the mutual fund industry, acting as intermediaries between fund houses and investors:

Service to investors

RTAs serve as the primary point of contact for mutual fund investors. They handle investor queries, provide account statements, and assist with various investor services. These services include updating contact details, facilitating transactions like redemptions, switches and purchases, and addressing any concerns or grievances that investors may have.


RTAs maintain detailed records of investors, including their personal information, transaction history, and unit holdings. This meticulous record-keeping is not only crucial for investors but also aids in regulatory compliance and auditing processes.

Transfer and consolidation of units

When investors need to transfer their mutual fund units between demat accounts or consolidate units across multiple folios, RTAs facilitate these processes. This service ensures that investors have a single, consolidated view of their holdings, making it easier to manage their investments.

Income Distribution cum Capital Withdrawal (IDCW) option interest payments

RTAs are responsible for the distribution of IDCW to investors. They ensure that these payments are made accurately and on time, contributing to investor satisfaction.

Services offered by registrar and transfer agents (RTA)

Registrar and Transfer Agents (RTAs) provide essential services to AMCs in managing investor records and facilitating transactions in mutual funds. Some of the services offered are mentioned below:

Online account access

RTAs provide investors with online access to their mutual fund accounts. This enables investors to view their portfolios, access account statements, and perform various transactions, enhancing their convenience and control over their investments.

Electronic clearing services

Many investors opt for systematic investment plans (SIPs) and systematic withdrawal plans (SWPs) to automate the investment and redemption processes. RTAs facilitate these transactions through Electronic Clearing Services, ensuring that they are processed seamlessly and on schedule.

Consolidated account statements

RTAs generate consolidated account statements for investors, which include details of their holdings across all mutual fund schemes and AMCs. This feature simplifies portfolio tracking and aids in financial planning.

KYC verification

RTAs play a crucial role in verifying investor KYC details, ensuring that they are compliant with regulatory requirements. This is essential for preventing fraud and maintaining the integrity of the mutual fund industry.

Distributor services

In addition to serving investors, RTAs also provide services to mutual fund distributors. These services include commission processing, distributor registration, and access to investor data to better serve their clients.

Call center support

To assist investors with their queries and concerns, RTAs typically operate call centres staffed with trained professionals who can provide information, guidance, and assistance related to mutual fund investments.

KYC update

Investors may need to update their KYC details due to changes in personal information. RTAs facilitate this process, allowing investors to keep their KYC records up to date.

Statement of account

RTAs provide investors with regular statements of account, which summarise their investments, transactions, and the overall performance of their mutual fund holdings.

Audit and compliance

RTAs maintain records and provide data for internal and external audits. They also ensure that all transactions and processes are compliant with regulatory requirements.

Difference Between Registrar and Transfer Agent

Registrars and Transfer Agents (RTAs) play distinct yet complementary roles in the financial sector, particularly in managing transactions. While both handle aspects of investor records and transactions, there are notable differences between the two functions.

Criteria Comparison: Registrar vs Transfer Agent

Criteria Comparison: Registrar vs Transfer Agent

Criteria Registrar Transfer Agent
Definition Manages investor records and maintains accuracy Facilitates the transfer of mutual fund units
Role Manages investor information and account details Executes transactions involving mutual fund units
Services provided Handles account maintenance and investor queries Processes transactions, such as purchases and sales
Interaction with investors Primarily addresses account-related inquiries Involved in transactions and account management
Regulatory compliance Ensures compliance with mutual fund regulations Ensures compliance with transfer and redemption rules


From investor servicing and record-keeping to regulatory compliance, RTAs are instrumental in ensuring the integrity and reliability of mutual fund investments.
Investors and asset management companies rely on RTAs to provide a wide range of services, including online account access, transaction processing, consolidated account statements, KYC verification, and dividend processing. These services not only enhance the investor experience but also contribute to the industry's growth and stability.


What is the charge of RTA for mutual fund?
RTA charges the AMC for their services. This expense is passed on to the investor as a part of the annual cost charged by AMC.

What is the difference between a registrar and a transfer agent?
A registrar maintains the records of mutual fund investors. It records an investor’s personal and contact details. Whereas, a transfer agent is a company that handles the transfer of ownership of mutual fund units.

Who needs a transfer agent?
Entities like mutual funds, corporations issuing stocks or bonds, and other organizations issuing securities require the services of a transfer agent to oversee the transfer of ownership, uphold precise record-keeping, and manage communications with investors.

Who appoints a transfer agent?
Mutual fund companies or corporations issuing stocks or bonds, appoint transfer agents. The issuer chooses and contracts the transfer agent to oversee investor transactions and maintain records.

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.
This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.