What is a systematic transfer plan (STP) in mutual fund investment?

what is stp in mutual fund
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An investment instrument that has gained popularity among investors is the Systematic Transfer Plan (STP). STP offers a strategic approach to investing, allowing individuals to make the most of their money while managing commensurate risk. In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss what STP is, its types, benefits, and who should consider it as part of their investment strategy.

  • Table of contents
  1. Brief about systematic transfer plan (STP)
  2. Investors’ choice: types of systematic transfer plans
  3. Benefits that systematic transfer plan offers
  4. Who should invest in systematic transfer plans?
  5. Key takeaways
  6. Bajaj Finserv AMC
  7. FAQ

Brief about systematic transfer plan (STP)

A Systematic Transfer Plan, commonly known as STP, is an investment strategy employed by mutual fund investors to potentially optimize their returns and manage commensurate risk. STP operates on the simple principle of transferring funds systematically from one mutual fund scheme to another within the same asset management company (AMC). These transfers can occur at predefined intervals, typically monthly or quarterly.

The fundamental idea behind STP is to park a lumpsum amount in a debt fund or liquid fund initially and then transfer a fixed or variable amount into an equity fund over time.

This systematic approach can help investors to tap into the potential growth of equity markets while reducing the exposure to market volatility.

Investors’ choice: types of systematic transfer plans

There are two main types of Systematic Transfer Plans, and investors can choose the one that aligns with their financial goals and risk appetite:

Fixed STP

In a Fixed STP, a fixed amount is transferred from the source fund (usually a debt or liquid fund) to the target fund (typically an equity fund) at regular intervals. This fixed amount ensures consistency in the transfer process, regardless of market conditions.

Capital appreciation STP

In a Capital Appreciation STP, the transfer amount is not fixed; instead, it depends on the performance of the source fund. Investors can decide on a specific return threshold, and when the source fund crosses this threshold, a portion of the gains is transferred to the target fund. This type of STP allows for greater flexibility and offers a relatively higher return potential.

Benefits that systematic transfer plan offers

Investors can enjoy several advantages when incorporating STP into their investment portfolio:

Risk management: STP allows investors to manage their exposure to market volatility. By initially investing in debt funds, they can mitigate impact on their capital invested while gradually entering the equity market.

Disciplined investing: STP promotes a disciplined approach to investing by automating the transfer process. This helps investors avoid impulsive decisions driven by market fluctuations.

Rupee-cost averaging: STP helps in rupee-cost averaging, reducing the impact of market volatility on overall returns. This strategy can prove beneficial in the long run.

Liquidity: Investors can easily redeem units from the source fund in case of any unforeseen financial requirements; thus, STP offers liquidity and flexibility.

Potential for growth

STP enables investors to participate in the potential growth of equity markets, which historically have offered relatively higher returns compared to debt instruments at a higher risk.

Who should invest in systematic transfer plans?

STP can be a valuable addition to the investment portfolio of various types of investors, including:

First-time investors: Those who are new to the world of mutual funds and want to start with a conservative approach to mitigate risk.

Conservative investors: Individuals who prioritize less volatility and are risk-averse but still wish to benefit from the growth potential of equities.

Goal-oriented investors: Investors with specific financial goals, such as buying a house, funding their child's education, or planning for retirement, can use STP to manage their investments systematically.

Investors with windfall gains: Those who have received a lumpsum amount through sources like inheritance, bonuses, or asset sales can use STP to deploy these funds efficiently into the market.

Key takeaways

Systematic Transfer Plans (STP) in mutual fund investments offer a systematic and disciplined approach to potentially optimizing returns and managing risk. Key takeaways from this guide include:

Although choosing a Systematic Transfer Plan is favourable for investors, it's essential to consult with a financial advisor or conduct thorough research to align your STP strategy with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

  • STP involves transferring funds systematically from a debt or liquid fund to an equity fund within the same AMC.
  • There are two primary types of STP: Fixed STP and Capital Appreciation STP.
  • STP helps promote disciplined investing, and leverages rupee-cost averaging.
  • STP is suitable for first-time investors, conservative investors, goal-oriented investors, and those with windfall gains.

Bajaj Finserv AMC

Bajaj Finserv AMC has launched schemes including a flexi-cap fund, liquid fund, overnight fund, arbitrage fund, and money market fund. Each of these investment options provides professional management and potential returns of the invested amount based on risk profile of the scheme. However, it is important for investors to assess their investment objectives, risk tolerance, and consult a financial advisor before making any mutual fund investments.


What is a Systematic Transfer Plan (STP) in a mutual fund?
An STP allows investors to periodically transfer a fixed amount from one mutual fund scheme to another, typically from a debt fund to an equity fund.

How does STP help investors manage their investments?
It enables investors to gradually move funds from less risky assets (debt) to potentially higher-return higher risk assets (equity) over time.

Are there different types of STPs, and how do they work?
Yes, there are fixed STPs, capital appreciation STPs, and more, each with its own strategy for transferring funds.

When and why should an investor consider using STP as part of their investment strategy?
Investors may use STPs when they want to maintain a balance between asset classes, especially during changing market conditions.

Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.
This document should not be treated as endorsement of the views/opinions or as investment advice. This document should not be construed as a research report or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. This document is for information purpose only and should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns or safeguard of capital. This document alone is not sufficient and should not be used for the development or implementation of an investment strategy. The recipient should note and understand that the information provided above may not contain all the material aspects relevant for making an investment decision. Investors are advised to consult their own investment advisor before making any investment decision in light of their risk appetite, investment goals and horizon. This information is subject to change without any prior notice.